Austenitic Ductile Iron

Austenitic Ductile Iron

Austenitic Ductile Iron, including ASTM A439 D2 58-30-8, is renowned for its combination of ductility, strength, and resistance to wear and corrosion. This material category excels in harsh environments where components are subjected to extreme wear, corrosion, and temperatures. The specific grade mentioned showcases exemplary performance in automotive components, machinery parts, and structural elements due to its high tensile strength and elongation characteristics.

Key Features of Austenitic Ductile Iron

  • High-temperature Performance: Offers excellent oxidation resistance and retains mechanical properties at temperatures up to 1475°F (800°C), making it suitable for high-temperature applications.
  • Corrosion and Wear Resistance: Enhanced abrasion resistance, particularly beneficial in mining, construction, and wastewater treatment industries.
  • Low-Temperature Toughness: Maintains toughness at low temperatures, ensuring durability across a wide temperature range.
  • Controlled Thermal Expansion: With the addition of Molybdenum, it exhibits creep and stress-rupture strengths comparable to cast steels.
  • Good Machinability and Castability: Facilitates the production of complex shapes and ensures smooth finishing, reducing production costs and lead times.

Common Applications of Austenitic Ductile Iron

  • Pump and Valve Components: Used in pump housings, impellers, valve bodies, discs, and seats, suitable for oil, gas, chemical processing, and power generation applications.
  • Mining and Construction Equipment: Wear plates, crusher liners, and other high-abrasion components benefit from its hardness and toughness.
  • Marine Applications: Propeller shafts, rudder hardware, and pump components leverage its corrosion resistance and strength.
  • Machine Tool and Hydraulic Components: Gears, bushings, guides, hydraulic cylinders, pistons, and valve bodies utilize this material for its wear resistance and strength.
  • Railroad and Automotive Industry: Railcar wheels, brake shoes, couplers, cylinder liners, exhaust manifolds, and valve seats are made from Austenitic Ductile Iron due to its wear resistance and thermal conductivity.